Onechakma.comThanks by sharing it The Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh clarified that the grant of citizenship rights to the Chakma Hajong refugees in Arunachal Pradesh was entirely in the domain
The Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh clarified that the grant of citizenship rights to the Chakma Hajong refugees in Arunachal Pradesh was entirely in the domain of the Central Government. The State Government can only forward the sentiments of the local people and request the Central Government to consider sympatheticallythe concerns and sentiments of the local people. He assured that the issue will be raised by the Government at the highest possible level with the Center.
The Chief Minister also acknowledged all other issues raised by the organization and assured that all will be sorted out through steps as required at appropriate time. He requested the organization to cooperate with the Government so that all issues are resolved amicably within the democratic norms of the country. He said that the time and energy of the youths should be utilized in the right direction desisting from negative vibes and inculcating positive outlook towards governance and over-all development of the society.
Diyun 23rd Nov: On Friday many people from Chakma and Hajong Community emerged in front of the EAC office of Diyun to take birth certificate applications. Since, friday is designated date for collecting birth certificates in the Diyun Circle, Arunachal Pradesh. According to the sources BoC applications were all thrown in dustbin for distribution. And only a few were called inside the office to get their applications processed. This made the people enraged and anxious.
KOLORIANG, Nov 18: The Electoral Roll Observer of Kurung Kumey district Dani Salu today visited Koloriang to take stock of the alleged enrollment of Chakma-Hajong refugees in the electoral roll of Koloriang assembly constituency.
The ERO for Koloriang, in a meeting with the observer, claimed that “there is not a single case of enrollment of Chakma or Hajongs as electorate in the electoral rolls of the constituency. The percentage of non-APST electorate is also far less than what has been projected,” he added.
The ERO also stated that the law and order situation at Koloriang is normal.
Later, Salu met local MLA Lokam Tasar and representatives of various political parties and assured them that no bogus voters would be enrolled as electorates,
He also visited Sangram and held meeting with the AEROs of Sangram and Nyapin and representatives of various political parties, including PPA district president Tamchi Taming. DIPRO
During Partition (August 1947), India was divided on the religious line.
Muslim-majority areas went to form Pakistan.
Surprisingly,Chakma-dominated Chittagong Hill Tracts of present day
Bangladesh formed partof Pakistan even though Muslims were only meager 2 %.
The Partition axed the Chakma life. It was the doom day.
TheChakmashave been patriots.
They fought against the British, and did not allow the conquerors to conquer them.
Following the Partition, they were celebrating the Independence Day on 15 August 1947 by unfurling the Indian tricolour in Rangamati, the main townof CHT.
It was pity that they did not even know they were already Pakistanis, much against their own will. The Pakistani troops pull down the Indian flag.
The Chakmas could not give a united stand against the injustice done. Indian government did not do much significant. It failed to recognize theChakmas’ contributions and sacrifices during the freedom movement.
The Rulers have turned into Refugees, courtesy the brutal policies of the successive governments of Pakistan and Bangladesh.
In1964, around 30,000 indigenous Chakmas displaced by the Kaptai Hydro-Electric dam in CHT of then East Pakistan migrated to India.
They were given settlement by the governmentof India in the North Eastern Frontier Agency (NEFA), the present Arunachal Pradesh, after consultation with the local tribal chiefs.
While being shifted to the NEFA, Government of India issued valid migration certificates to the migrants and assured them of citizenship rights in due course.
“They came in a hopeless, pathetic condition, just with the clothes that they wore”
recalls one senior Mizoram official, who was part of the Assam government team that received the Chakma in the Cachar and Lushai hills.
There are around 100,000 Chakmas in Mizoram. The chakmas have the Chakma Autonomous District Council (CADC)in 1972, which is still resented by the Mizo political leaders.
But the District Council covers only one-third of the Chakma population in the state.
The Chakmas living outside the District Council (including
Sajek Valley area) are subject to regular harassment and discrimination by the State government in various forms. Life is no less painful in Sajek area of Mizoram. The Chakmas have been living in acute poverty and without access to basic healthcare, education and infrastructure such as roads, electricity connectivity. Most Chakma household is engaged in traditional Jhum cultivation. Chakmas also call it “Duk Haam”, meaning “hard task”. As forest cover is diminished and production scanty, another name for life has become “struggle for survival”.Due to hate-campaign being carried out by powerful non-state actors such as Young Mizo Association, rights of the Chakma people are under threat. Hundreds have already been deleted from voters list arbitrarily.
It is nice to see Chakma people are being increasingly recognized in Mizoram state. These photographs appearing in Mizoram Tourism department website (http://mizotourism.nic.in/festival_image.htm ) highlight the interests in the Chakmas of Mizoram, their culture, dance, attire, and way of living.
Please sign up the petition to help the jummos of Bangladesh.
Dhaka : Muktasree Chakma Sathi
The Judicial Magistrate’s Court of Rangamati on January 16 appointed the district police chief for reinvestigating the incident
Investigation on the abduction of Kalpana Chakma, who was allegedly picked up by the members of law enforcement agencies in 1996, is stillin progress while 17 years have passed since the incident took place.
So far, three reports – two final reports and one judicial inquiry commission report – have been placed before the court regarding the abduction of Kalpana. Locals allege that she has been assassinated by the abductors.
Rangamati Superintendent of Police Amena Begum told Dhaka Tribune that the development in the investigation was slow since she was “busy with administrative work.” She, however, claimed that the investigation was being done following a court order.
The Judicial Magistrate’s Court of Rangamati on January 16 appointed the district police chief for reinvestigating the incident.
Pointing out that she was not in Rangamati at that time, Amena also said on April 24, she had filed a petition with the court praying for shifting of the duty to the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) and involving the additional superintendent of police.
Dhaka Tribune has obtained a copy of the application.
On June 12, 1996, Kalpana, the then organising secretary of Hill Women’s Federation, was abducted allegedly by Lt Ferdous from her home at New Lalyaghona of Baghaichhari in Rangamati. She was abducted several hours before the seventh national elections.
She was then campaigning for independent candidate Bijay Ketan Chakma, the then senior presidium member of PahariGana Parishad, who was supported by the all hill peoples’ organisations active at that time.
CID earlier filed a report 16 years after the abduction. The report was rejected by the court since it neither identified the abductors of the hill woman activist nor gave information about her where abouts.Upon an objection petition by the victim’s brother, the court appointedthe Rangamati SP to probe into the incident.
After 14 years of investigation, Baghaichhari police had submitted a final report to the court on May 21, 2010. Earlier a judicial inquiry commission also investigated the incident.
Kalpana’s brother Kalindi Kumar Chakma, also an eyewitness of the abduction, said: “I do not understand why my statement is not being recorded in any report prepared by the law enforcement agencies. I have mentioned the names of the three men I identified that day every time I was called. The people I saw were-Lt Ferdous, commander of village defence party (VDP) Nurul Haque and its member Saleh Ahmed.”
“I am still hopeful, but I am getting tired too,” Kalindi said.
Source: The Chakma Times
Miss #JUMMA GABURI” beauty contest held on 14th September in chakma autonomous district council ( CADC ) Mizoram, iNDIA, winner was Miss – #MANJURANI CHAKMA” Student of class 9 nine her age is 15 fifteen years running from vill. #Kamalanagar-1, daughter of #SUMEDKUMAR #CHAKMA & mother #PADMA CHKAMA, her hobies reading books and Badminton, hight – 5.4 inches, weight – 50 kg., The Govt. of #CADC promises to provide all the expenditure on her studies in this running year.
From the jumma minority welfare society ( #JMWS) given a little gift for her studies Rs.10,000 ten thousands only.
This #JUMMA beauty contest was held by the #Jumma #minority #welfare #society.
Click here to know more
There are about 30,000 Chakmas and Hajongs in Arunachal Pradesh, where they were settled way back in the 1960′s, when they were displaced by the construction ofa Dam across the Borgang River (now Karnaphuli) at Kaptai in the Jummaland ( ChittagongHill Tracts – CHT ) and Maimansingh district of Bangladesh. Here again the political leaders Arunachal Pradesh treat them as second-class citizens. The Chakma & Hajong have been denied citizenship, though the Government of India settled them there as refugees more than 47 years ago. Thousands of Hindu Bengali migrated illegally in the state Tripura and West Bengal, India from 1950 to March 1971, have been granted citizenship, while the Chakmas and Hajongs were accepted as refugees and settled in India by the Government, but have not yet got citizenship.
From the beginning the Pakistanis discriminated against the Chakma people, in jobs, business and education. The Government of Pakistan amended the 1900 Act several times, against the wishes of the Jumma people in Jummaland . The Government then constructed a dam on the Borgang River at Kaptai , inundating 1,036 square kilometres of land including the Royal Palace of the Chakma King and displacing about 200,000 Chakmas. It was these Chakmas and Hajons about 30,000 had migrated to Arunachal Pradesh via Mizoram,Tripura and Assam, India in 1964 from the Jummaland in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and werere habilitated by the Government of India in the then North East Frontier Agency (NEFA), now Arunachal Pradesh (AP). The Chakmas and Hajongs population is mainly concentrated in three districts of Arunachal Pradesh i.e. Subansiri( Papumpare), Lohit and Tirap (now Changlang). The Changlang district has the majority of Chakmas and Hajongs population. At present the population is stated more than 100,000 in 2006.
Even after 47 years of their migration, they have not been granted Indian Citizenship. As per the Assam Accord of 1985, all the migrants who had settled in Assam, on or before January 1, 1966, were ipso-facto citizens of India. These migrants were facing lot of difficulties as they were not considered Indian citizens. Instead of granting citizenship, the Government of Arunachal Pradesh banned all facilities including employment, admission to schools, medical facilities, trade and business and forcefully collected their temporary ration card which given by Government. Many villages burnt into ashes as Bijoypur, Madhupur , etc. in 1991 by the State sponsored Student Unit. The East India Buddhist Association ( EIBA ) led by Venerable Pragya Jyoti, General Secretary of the organisation moved to New Delhi in order to protest and protect the Chakmas of Arunachal Pradesh. Since Arunachal Pradesh was an Union Territory, they getting every facility as Indian. Only after 1979, when AP was given State status, Chakmas and Hajongs were harassed and treated as refugees. Since 1980, no any Chakmas or Hajongs has been given employment. The Government of AP circular vide CS/PR-154/89/99, had banned the issue of ration cards to them in Changlang district. Again in 1994, the Government of AP expressed its inability to provide coverage of public distribution systems to Chakmas and Hajongs and asked them to surrender all the ration cards already held by them. Only 6-7 persons are employed in Government Service. All of them have adopted agriculture as major source of livelihood. Chakmas and Hajongs students are not getting any monetary help either from the Central or State Government as they do not possess a Scheduled Tribe Certificate.
On 27th February, 1992 , Shri M.M. Jacob , Union Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs, had answered to the Lok Sabha that in terms of Assam Accord, all person, who came and settled prior to 1 January 1966 were given Indian Citizenship. Further, he informed the House that on the basis of Assam Accord, all those who migrated prior to 1.1.1966 are deemed to be Indian Citizens and those who came after 25.3.1971 are not to be accorded Indian Citizenship. On this basis, Chakmas and Hajongs living in Assam, Tripura and Mizoram have been recognized as Indian Citizen as well as Scheduled Tribes. Shri Jacob had reiterated the same again and mentioned,
“ the general administration in the State will have to be convinced that the burden of
rehabilitation of these refugees will have to be shared by the country as awhole ”.
On September 8, 1995, Shri Gegong Apang , Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh requested to the Prime Minister to take steps immediately to deport Chakma and Hajongs from the state. Government has also instigated the police department and the law and order department to help remove the Chakmas and Hajongs out of A.P as soon as possible.
Between 1964 and 1969 , more than 1,40,000 Chakmas, Hajongs and Hindu Bengalis came into Assam. Out of 1,40,000, about 30,000 refugees were sent to NEFA and the rest Hindu Bengal is settled them to Andaman Nichobar Island by the Government of India. Those who settled in Andaman, they got Indian citizens as well as electing a Member of the Parliament as their representative. During their settlement in 1964, the Chakmas and Hajongs have been given loans and land by the Government and State Government at one point itself recommended that these people should be given citizenship.
Again, on October, 1994 complaint regarding stoppage of ration card, ban on employment and economic blockade of the Chakma settlements was made to the National Human Rights Commission(NHRC). The NHRC had asked the State Government to submit the Report but almost after a year, there is no report. The Supreme Court heard the case of complaint and passed an interim order on 2.11.95 that they were not citizens because no citizenship had been granted but they were entitled to citizenship under a particular section of the Citizenship Act. The Supreme Court also directed in the interim order that even if they were not citizens, their lives and limbs must beprotected and they are entitled to their lives and limbs and that they cannot be evicted from their own places. On 9.1.96, a final order was passed directing to the State Government (i) not to take any actionto evict them except under due process of law (ii) application for citizenship should be looked into and sent to the Central Government (iii) to give police force, Central Police for the protection of those people on the demand of State Government.
A high level committee was constituted on 29.12.95 under the Home Minister of which the Chief Minister is also a member to decide this issue and find out what needs to be done in this particular issue. The committee could not go to the State because there was no cooperation from the State Government till this review petition has been disposed of by the Supreme Court. The contention of the State Government is that they had not been consulted when these people were settled. The contention of the Chief Minister was that they had been living there for the last 31 years. Citizenship can be given to them but they should be settled outside his State.
On 3 November, 1996, the views made by the Charkmas and Hajongs that they migrated from erst while East Pakistan were displaced by the Kaptai Hydro Power Project, 1964 . Since a large number of refugees had taken shelter in Assam, the State Government had expressed its inability to rehabilitate all of them and requested assistance in this regard from certain other States. They were also allotted some land in consultation with local tribals. The Government of India had also sanctioned rehabilitation assistance Rs.4,200/- per family. In recent years,relationship between citizens of A.P and Chakmas and Hajongs have deteriorated, and the later have complained that they are being subjected to repressive measures with a view to forcibly expel them from the State of AP. The Chakmas have been residing in the State for more than three decades having developed close social, religious, cultural and economic ties. To uproot them at this stage would be both impracticable and inhuman.
In August, 1994, the All Arunachal Pradesh Students Union ( AAPSU), a student wing of the State Government demanded the expulsion of all foreigners including the Chakma/Hajong refugees from A.P. The Central Government has been advising the State Government to take all necessary steps for providing security to all residents including Chakmas/Hajongs and to take steps to control the explosive and worsening situation.
On 9 th January 1996, the observations of the Supreme Court in the case of National Human Right Commission Vs.State of Arunachal Pradesh and Union of India that the Judgement delivered :-
“ There is no doubt that Chakmas and Hajongs who migrated from East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) in 1964 first settled down in the State of Assam and shifted to areas which now fall within the State of AP. They have settled there since the last about three decades and raised their families in the said State. Their children have married and they too have had children. Thus, a large number of them were born in the State itself. If a person satisfies the requirements of Section 5 of the Citizenship Act, he/she can be registered as a citizen of India. The procedure to be followed in processing such requests has been outlined in part II of the Rules. According to these Rules, application for registration has to be made in the prescribed form, duly affirmed, to the Collector within whose jurisdiction he resides. Under Rule 9, the Collectoris expected to transmit every application under Section 5 (1)(a) of the Act to the Central Government. The Collector has merely to receive the application and forward it to the Central Government. The Deputy Commissioner or Collector, who receives the application should be directed to forward the same to the Central Government to enable it to decide the request on merit.
The Supreme Court has further added that no person can be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law. Thus, the State is bound to protect the life and liberty of every human being, be he a citizen or otherwise. The State is duty bound to protect the thre atened group and if it fails to do so, it will fail to perform its Constitutional as well as statutory obligations. The State Government must act impartially and carry out its legal obligations to safeguard the life,health and well-being of Chakmas and Hajongs residing in the State without being inhibited by local politics.”
The Supreme Court, accordingly, directed that -
(i)The State of AP shall ensure that the life and personal liberty of each and every Chakmas and Hajongs residing within the State shall be protected and any attempt to for ciblyevict or drive them out of the State by organized groups shall be repelled.
(ii) The Chakmas and Hajongs shall not be evicted from their homes and shall not be denied domestic life and comfort therein except in accordance with law.
(iii) The quit notices and ultimatums issued by the AAPSU and any other group which tantamount to threats to the life and liberty of each and every Chakma and Hajongs should be dealt with by the State of AP in accordance with law.
(iv)The application made for registration as citizen of India by the Chakmas and Hajongs shall be forwarded by the Collector or the Deputy Commissioner who receives then under the relevant Rule with or without enquiry, as the case may be to the Central Government for its consideration in accordance with law.